Capybara Predators

Capybaras are gentle, semi-aquatic herbivores. They usually live for 4 years in the wild, primarily because of predation. Capybaras could live up to 10 years if they were not preyed upon.

You might be wondering, do Capybaras have predators? The answer is yes.

Some of the main predators that feed on capybaras include stealthy Jaguars to Crocodiles. Although there’s a myth that Crocodiles don’t eat Capybaras because of viral videos of Crocodiles and Capybaras seen together peacefully. These situations are actually rare.

So, what animals eat Capybaras? In this article, we’ll discuss the tactics these predators use and the vulnerabilities of capybaras.

List of Top Capybara Predators

Being aware of the top predators that pose a threat to capybaras is crucial for their protection. Gaining knowledge about the behaviors and habits of these dangerous predators is a must to safeguard capybaras from potential harm. Capybara natural predators include:


jaguar captures capybara
Jaguar Captures Capybara

The Jaguar is renowned for its unmatched hunting skills and powerful bite. Jaguars have a preference for preying on capybaras. With excellent night vision and sharp claws, Jaguars can effectively hunt and kill Capybaras by severing their spine from behind.


Caiman attacking capybara
Caiman attacking capybara

Caimans are one of the common predators of capybaras. They live in rivers, lakes, and swamps. They have excellent stalking skills and razor-sharp teeth. Caimans usually hunt at night. They hunt fish, reptiles, birds and small mammals including capybaras. 

Green Anaconda

Anaconda swallowed capybara
Green Anaconda

Capybaras also face threats from Green anacondas in the Amazon. Capable of killing and swallowing Capybara whole. They are usually found in tropical rainforests near rivers and swamps. 

Smaller snakes like pythons and boa constrictors can easily kill baby capybaras. These usually wait for the rodent to fall asleep before attacking. Mainly to avoid injury from the capybara’s sharp teeth or claws.


mountain lion puma

Pumas (also called mountain lions) are large, powerful cats native to North and South America. They have short, brownish-red fur. Their strong legs, excellent night vision, and ability to jump 15 feet high make them efficient hunters. They consume capybaras when other prey is scarce. 



Ocelots are smaller than many big cats. Still, they are apex predators in their environment. They usually hunt near shallow rivers and lakes where they prey on animals like capybaras. As stealthy predators, they stalk their prey before pouncing with powerful claws and teeth. Ocelots often stalk a Capybara for hours before attacking and quickly kill it by targeting the throat.

Birds of Prey

Most powerful birds of prey Harpy Eagle
Strongest Bird on the Earth: Harpy eagle

Birds of prey usually hunt Baby Capybaras only. 

One of the most powerful birds of prey in the world harpy eagle can lift prey weighing up to four times its own body weight. They primarily hunt animals like sloths, monkeys, and young capybaras. Baby capybaras are also at risk from black vultures and caracaras. But they face no threat from pelicans.

Crab-Eating Fox

crab eating fox walking
Crab-eating foxes mainly hunt young capybaras

Crab-eating foxes primarily hunt crabs, crayfish, and other small invertebrates. During the dry season, they sometimes hunt young capybaras. But they don’t want to mess with full-grown Capybaras. These foxes usually hunt alone or in pairs.


capybara trapped by human
Capybara captured by human

Humans are the main predators of capybaras. Humans usually hunt Capybaras for their meat and their leather. 

Capybara meat is a traditional food for aboriginal South American Indians in Colombia, Venezuela, Brazil, and Argentina. Recently some people established breeding grounds for capybaras to preserve the species and provide food. 

Capybara populations are currently stable. But overhunting has made them extinct in some South American areas. 

The Capybara and its difficult life surrounded by predators

Contrary to the viral images often seen online, capybaras face a difficult life surrounded by predators in their natural habitat. Capybaras are vulnerable and defenseless animals that reside in grasslands and wetlands. They are an easy target for predators.

Capybaras must be aware of their surroundings to protect themselves. It helps them detect predators from a distance and avoid predators. Capybaras can stay near water sources and in areas with thick vegetation to help conceal themselves from predators. 

How Do Capybaras Protect Themselves?

Capybaras usually live in groups of 10-30 near bodies of water and thick vegetation. Their habitat provides them with natural protection from predators.  Capybaras rely on their size, speed, quick reflexes, and communication to protect themselves.

They emit dog-like barks as alarm sounds to alert their group of danger. They are excellent swimmers. Capybaras can remain submerged in water for up to five minutes. They use rivers and lagoons to escape predators. 

Their large size, strong jaws, teeth and quick reflexes help them avoid danger. Capybaras are highly alert and use their keen sense of smell and hearing to detect approaching predators. They prefer to avoid fighting with predators before it comes to fighting.

Frequently Asked Questions

Do Crocodiles Eat Capybaras?

Crocodiles can eat capybaras, but they do not typically do so. Capybaras are too large for most crocodiles to swallow whole. However, if a crocodile is large enough, it could potentially kill and eat a capybara.

There have been some reports of crocodiles eating capybaras. But these reports are rare. It is more likely that a crocodile would attack a young or weakened capybara.

Why don’t crocodiles eat capybara?

Capybaras are large creatures. They average around 150 pounds. This means they are too big for most crocodiles to swallow.

Capybaras are also sociable. They often move in groups of up to 100. This makes it hard for a crocodile to isolate and attack one.

They are also protective. Their sharp teeth and strength make them dangerous prey. Crocodiles often avoid attacking them.

Additionally, they might not taste good to crocodiles. As herbivores, their meat lacks the fat or nutrients found in other prey.

However, exceptions do happen. Crocodiles occasionally attack weaker or younger capybaras. But, generally, crocodiles do not eat capybaras.

What animals hunt Capybaras?

Capybaras are preyed upon by multiple South American animals such as Jaguars, Pumas, Caimans, Green anacondas, Ocelots, Eagles, Crab-eating Fox and wild dogs.

Do Lions eat Capybaras?

If given an opportunity, then the answer is yes, Lions can eat Capybaras. But Lions are not native to South America where capybaras live. They live in two totally different continents and hence a lion eating a capybara is not possible. 

Do Tigers eat Capybaras?

Tigers could eat capybaras as they have similar prey choice characteristics like that of lions. But tigers are native to Asia, while capybaras are native to South America. Hence a tiger eating a capybara is not possible. 

Do jaguars eat Capybaras?

Yes, jaguars are known to eat capybaras.

Do caimans eat Capybara?

Yes, caimans do eat capybaras.

Do boa constrictors eat Capybaras?

Yes, boa constrictors eat capybaras. They are carnivorous snakes that wrap around and catch their prey.

Do capybaras get eaten by Piranhas?

Piranhas mainly eat insects, mollusks, crustaceans, worms, and small fish. They often hide in vegetation to ambush or chase their prey. They sometimes form large groups to take down bigger prey like capybaras. 

Is a capybara a predator or prey?

Capybaras are prey animals. They are not predators

Can capybaras outrun predators? 

Yes, capybaras run fast and can outrun most predators.

Are Capybaras hunted?

Capybaras are protected by law in most countries. They are still hunted for their meat and leather. They are extinct in some locations. But the species as a whole is not endangered.

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